An anal fissure is a breach in the anus skin. It can affect people of various ages, although it is more frequent in children. In newborns and middle-aged adults, this is a reliable source.
It is typically not a dangerous ailment, and the majority of individuals can cure it at home. However, reoccurring anal fissures or those that do not heal easily should be treated with caution.
Continue reading to discover more about the causes of anal fissures and how to cure and avoid them in the future
One or more of the following symptoms may be caused by an anal fissure:
• a noticeable rip in your anus skin
• a noticeable rip in your anus skin a skin tag or tiny lump of skin close to the tear acute
• discomfort in the anal region during bowel movements
• traces of blood on stools or toilet paper after cleansing
• anal region burning or itching
An anal fissure is most commonly caused by bypassing big or firm feces. Constipation or diarrhea regularly can potentially damage the skin surrounding your anus.
However, not all anal fissures indicate a low-fiber diet or constipation. Poorly healed fissures or those situated in areas other than the posterior and midline of your anus might suggest an underlying disease.
Other factors include:
• squeezing or straining during birthing or bowel motions
• having Crohn’s disease or another kind of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
• a reduction in blood flow to the anorectal region
• having anal sphincter muscles that are abnormally tight or spastic
• taking part in anal sex
• putting things into the anus
Anal fissures usually heal in a few weeks if you take precautions to keep your stool soft, such as increasing your fiber and hydration intake. Bathing in warm water for 10 to 20 minutes many times each day, particularly after bowel motions, might help relax the sphincter and encourage healing.
If your symptoms persist, you will most likely require more therapy.
Your doctor may advise you to:-
– Nitroglycerin (Rectiv) was given externally to assist enhance blood flow to the fissure, facilitate healing, and relax the anal sphincter. When other conservative measures fail, nitroglycerin is often regarded as the medical therapy of choice. Headache, which might be severe, is one of the possible side effects.
– Pain alleviation may be aided by topical anaesthetic creams such as lidocaine hydrochloride (Xylocaine).
– Injection of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) to paralyse the anal sphincter muscle and ease spasms.
– Oral nifedipine (Procardia) or diltiazem (Cardizem) can assist relax the anal sphincter. These drugs, which can be taken orally or administered topically, are used when nitroglycerin is ineffective or produces considerable negative effects.
If you have a persistent anal fissure that has not responded to conventional therapies, or if your symptoms are severe, your doctor may advise surgery. Doctors typically conduct a treatment known as lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS), which involves severing a tiny part of the anal sphincter muscle to relieve spasm and discomfort and encourage recovery.
According to studies, surgery is far more beneficial than any medication therapy for persistent fissures. However, there is a slight chance that surgery will result in incontinence.
The purpose of anal fissure treatment is to relieve pain and bleeding by softening stools and lowering pressure on the anal canal. Conservative therapies, which may include one or more of the following, are first tried:
At Marina’s Clinic, we provide the Best Anal Fissure Treatment in Chennai
Surgery is needed if you have a chronic anal fissure that is resistant to previous therapies or if your symptoms are severe. Doctors commonly perform a lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) operation, which includes cutting a small piece of the anal sphincter muscle to relieve spasm and improve recovery.
According to studies, surgery is far more beneficial than any other medical treatment for chronic fissures. Surgery, on the other hand, has a slight chance of inducing incontinence.
The holmium YAG laser may be used for a simple day care operation that cures fissures, and the patient can return home the same day without any pain. At Marina’s Clinic, we provide the Best Laser Fissure Treatment in Chennai.
When compared to knife surgery, the low-bleeding laser approach provides a superior overview during the procedure. The sphincter muscle is well protected. Thermal injury to the surrounding tissue is greatly decreased when compared to anal fissure surgery using an electric scalpel.
We at Marina’s Clinic make sure that your health is our priority, that’s why we are extra careful with the laser procedure, making us the Best Laser Fissure Treatment in Chennai.
One of the best gastrointestinal clinics in chennai. We provide the most effective treatment for Gastrointestinal Tract, Gallbladder, Stomach, Colon, Rectum, Piles, fissures, and hernias.