Gallstones are dense particles that develop in the gallbladder, a small organ under the liver. If you have them, your doctor will diagnose you with cholelithiasis.
To aid digestion, your gallbladder stores and releases bile, a fluid produced by your liver. Bile also transports wastes such as cholesterol and bilirubin, which the body produces when red blood cells are broken down. Gallstones may develop as a result of these factors. You can not realise you have them until they block a bile duct, causing discomfort that requires immediate care.
Gallstones may not be accompanied by any symptoms. When a gallstone becomes lodged in a duct and causes a blockage,
The following signs and symptoms may occur:
Gall bladder stones are caused by:
Your doctor will perform a physical examination, which will include checking your eyes and skin for visible colour changes. A yellowish tint could be a sign of jaundice, which is caused by an excess of bilirubin in your body.
Diagnostic tests that allow your doctor to see inside your body may be used during the exam. Among these tests are:
Ultrasound:An ultrasound generates images of your abdomen. It is the preferred imaging method for confirming gallstone disease. It may also reveal abnormalities related to acute cholecystitis.
Abdominal CT scan: This imaging test captures images of your liver and abdomen.
Gallbladder radionuclide scan: This crucial test takes about an hour to complete. A radioactive substance is injected into your veins by a specialist. The substance enters your bloodstream and travels to your liver and gallbladder. A scan may reveal evidence of infection or bile duct blockage caused by stones.
Blood tests: Your doctor may order blood tests to determine how much bilirubin is in your blood. The tests can also tell you how well your liver is working.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): ERCP is a procedure that examines problems in the bile and pancreatic ducts using a camera and X-rays. It aids your doctor’s search for gallstones lodged in your bile duct.
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