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Diabetic foot specialist

Diabetic Foot ?

Diabetic foot specialist

Diabetic Foot ?

The levels of your blood glucose or blood sugar are too high if you have diabetes. Over time, your nerves or blood vessels can be damaged. Diabetes nerve damage may cause you to lose your feet’s sensations. A cuts, a blister or a sore may not be feeling. These kinds of foot injuries can lead to ulcers and infections. Serious situations can even result in amputation. Blood damage can also lead to insufficient blood and oxygen for your feet. If you get a sore or infection, it’s more difficult for your foot to heal.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

  • Drainage from your foot, which can stain your socks or leak out in your shoe, is one of the first symptoms of a foot ulcer. Early signs include unusual swelling, irritation, redness, and odours in one or both feet.
  • The black tissue (called eschar) that surrounds a severe foot ulcer is the most visible symptom. This happens when there isn’t enough healthy blood flow to the region around the ulcer.
  • Around the ulcer, partial or full gangrene, which refers to tissue death caused by infections, may develop. There may be odorous discharge, discomfort, and numbness in this case.
  • Foot ulcers do not always show symptoms. Ulcers can often go unnoticed before they become infected.
  • If you notice any skin discoloration, especially blackened tissue, or if you experience pain around an area that appears calloused or irritated, consult your doctor.


The Wagner Ulcer Classification System will most likely be used by your doctor to determine the severity of your ulcer on a scale of 0 to 5: 0: there are no open lesions; the lesion may have healed.

1. A shallow ulcer that does not reach deeper layers

2 A more serious ulcer that extends to a tendon, bone, or joint capsule

3. Abscess, osteomyelitis, or tendonitis affect deeper tissues.

4. Gangrene in a forefoot or heel section

5. A gangrenous infection that affects the entire foot

Diabetic foot ulcer treatments

Stay off your feet to avoid ulcer pain. This is known as off-loading, and it is beneficial for all types of diabetic foot ulcers. Walking can aggravate an infection and cause an ulcer to swell.

Your doctor may advise you to wear the following items to protect your feet:

  • Diabetes-specific footwear includes casts, foot braces, compression wraps, and shoe inserts to prevent corns and calluses.
  • Foot ulcers can be treated by doctors with debridement, which is the removal of dead skin or foreign objects that may have caused the ulcer.
  • An infection is a serious complication of a foot ulcer that must be treated right away. All infections are not treated in the same way.
  • Tissue from the ulcer’s surrounding area may be sent to a lab to determine which antibiotic will be effective. If your doctor suspects a serious infection, an X-ray may be ordered to check for signs of bone infection

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