Laproscopy is a low-risk, minimally invasive procedure that only necessitates a few minor cuts. A laparoscope is used to examine the abdominal organs. A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with a front-mounted high-intensity light and a high-resolution image. The instrument is inserted into the abdominal wall through an incision. The camera sends pictures to a video display as it goes along.
Small incisions are used for laparoscopic surgery. The procedure is visualised on a TV monitor using a telescope with a video camera inserted through one incision. Surgical instruments are then moved through more small incisions, and the procedure is completed entirely inside the patient’s body.
Laparoscopy is mostly used to diagnose the source of pelvic or abdominal pain. When noninvasive approaches fail to aid with diagnosis, this procedure is commonly used.
Laparoscopy is recommended to examine the following organs:
The appendix, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, small intestine, and large intestine are all parts of the digestive system (colon)
organs of the spleen, liver, pelvis, or reproductive organs.
Your doctor will detect the following things by using a laparoscope to examine these areas:
A tumour in the abdominal cavity fluid in the abdominal cavity liver disease
the efficacy of specific therapies the extent to which a specific cancer has progressed.
In most cases, laparoscopy is performed as an outpatient procedure. This means you’ll be free to leave the hospital the same day. It can be done in a hospital or at an outpatient surgery facility.
For this form of surgery, you’ll most likely be granted general anaesthesia. This ensures you won’t feel any discomfort and will sleep through the operation. An intravenous (IV) line is inserted into one of the veins to obtain general anaesthesia. Your anesthesiologist will administer special medications as well as fluids to keep you hydrated.
Local anaesthesia is often used instead. A local anaesthetic numbs the region, so you won’t feel any pain even if you’re awake during the procedure.
The surgeon makes an incision below your belly button and inserts a thin tube called a cannula during laparoscopy. The cannula is used to inject carbon dioxide gas into your abdomen. Your doctor will be able to see your abdominal organs more clearly thanks to this gas.
The surgeon removes the laparoscope into the incision after the belly has been inflated. The photos from the camera attached to the laparoscope are shown on a tablet, allowing you to see your organs in real time.The instruments are removed after the procedure is completed. Stitches or surgical tape are used to seal the incisions. Over the incisions, bandages may be applied.
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